07职称英语理工类AB级第4讲:词汇 完型填空

完型填空

阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Squishy(易压扁的)Cellphones (大哥大) add a buzz(震动声) to calls

Vibrating rubber could be the next big thing in mobile communications. They allow people to communicate by squishing the phone to transmit __1__along with their spoken words. According to a research team at the MIT Medical Lab in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the idea will make __2__ more fun.

Many mobile phones can already be made to vibrate __3__ ring when you do not want people to know you are getting a call. But these vibrations, __4__ by a motor spinning an eccentric weight inside the device, are too crude for subtle communication, says Angela Chang of the lab’s Tangible Media Group. “They’re __5__ on or off,” she says.

But when you grip Chang’s prototype latex cellphone, your fingers and thumb wrap around five __6__ speakers. They vibrate __7__ your skin around 250 times per second. Beneath these speakers sit pressure sensors, so you can transmit vibration as well as __8__ it. When you squeeze with a finger, a vibration signal is transmitted __9__ your caller’s corresponding finger. Its __10__ depends on how hard you squeeze.

She says that within a few minutes of being given __11__ the phones, students were using the vibration feature to add emphasis to what they were saying or to interrupt the other speaker. Over time, people even began to transmit their __12__ kind of ad hoc “Morse code”, which they would repeat back to show they following what they other person was saying. “It was pretty easy to communicate, though we didn’t specifically pre-arrange __13__,” says David Milovich, one of the students who tried out the device,

Change thins “vibralanguages” could __14__ for the same reason as texting: sometimes people want to communicate something __15__ everyone nearby knowing what they are saying. “And imagine actually being able to shake someone’s hand when you close a business seal,” she says.

答案及解析:
1. 文章标题分析:
squishy(易压扁的)cellphones (大哥大) add a buzz(震动声) to calls

2.直接看备选项(注意备选项的特点)和空格所在的搭配结构特点及/或句意。
1. A.voices B. messages C. vibrations D. feelings

Vibrating rubber cellphones could be the next big thing in mobile communications. They (需要参照前句确认They的指代内容) allow people to communicate by squishing (压扁,按压) the phone to transmit __1__ (仅仅凭借transmit无法直接确认答案)along with their spoken words.
C.分析:该题考察上下文的句意承接/篇章用词。
补充:
along with prep. 和…一起[一道], 随着; 除…以外(还)
e.g. Along with the letters there are answers written by people who are supposed to know how to solve such problems.
与这些读者来信一起还刊登对这些问题的回答,由那些被认为能够解决这些问题的人来撰写。Together with adv. 和, 加之

2. A.phoning B. talking C. working D. texting
According to a research team at the MIT Medical Lab in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the idea will make __2__ more fun.
A.线索:文章中心(squishy(易压扁的)cellphones (大哥大) add a buzz(震动声) to calls/phone的近义词)

3 A.as much as B. as well as C. in spite of D. instead of
Many mobile phones can already be made to vibrate __3__ ring when you do not want people to know you are getting a call.
D. 线索:句意和备选项通常的使用特点。
补充:
e.g. I love English as much as I do mathematics
e.g. The editors as well as (= in addition to) the proofreaders (校对者) are working overtime.
e.g. In spite of great efforts we failed to carry our plans through.( carry .. through/完成 )
e.g. If you cannot go, hell go instead of you.

4.A.being caused B. caused C. to be caused D.having caused
But these vibrations, __4__ by a motor spinning (turning /旋转) an eccentric (离心的) weight inside the device, are too crude(粗糙的) for subtle communications, says Angela Chang of the lab’s Tangible Media Group.
B. 分析:该题考察分词的语法意义。
补充:
Subtle adj.狡猾的, 敏感的, 微妙的, 精细的
Synonyms: clever, cunning, delicate, fine
They are __5__ on or off, she says.

5.A.never B. seldom C. either D. neither
C.线索:搭配结构特点。
Either..or../neither…nor..
But when you grip Changes prototype latex(橡胶) cellphone, your fingers and thumb wrap(包裹) around five __6__ speakers.

6.A.tiny B. large C. loud (干扰项) D. low
A.句意。
They vibrate __7__ your skin around 250 times per second.

7.A.against B. above C. over D. on
A.线索:介词所使用的结构。在这里against的含义是“(贴)与…达成猛烈接触”
e.g. waves dashing against the shore./拍岸的波涛”
Beneath these speakers sit pressure sensors, so you can transmit vibration as well as __8__ it.

8.A.using B. hearing C. receiving D. feeling(不是最好答案)
C. 线索:搭配结构暗示的语意。
When you squeeze with a finger, a vibration signal is transmitted __9__ your callers corresponding finger.

9.A.for B. with C. from D. to
D.线索:搭配结构。
Its __10__ depends on how hard you squeeze.

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