高中英语单词记忆表 第31期

disappear vi. 消失,不见
[特征]
– The boy disappeared in the dark.
这个男孩在黑暗中消失了。
[备考必背]
disappear是非延续性动词,不能和表示一段时间的状语连用。
(误)The beast has disappeared for a long time.
(正)The beast disappeared a long time ago.
这只野兽消失很久了。

disappoint vt. 使失望
[特征]
– What you did disappointed me.
你的所作所为令我失望。
[备考必背]
①disappoint的过去分词disappointed可以当作形容词用,意思是%26ldquo;失望的%26rdquo;。disappointed, disappointing的用法和interested, interesting一样。disappointed是%26ldquo;失望的,失意的%26rdquo;;disappointing是%26ldquo;令人失望的,扫兴的%26rdquo;。
– I was disappointed that he had left.
我很失望他已经离开了。
– The weather was disappointing.
天气叫人不痛快。
②派生词:disappointmen n. 失望
– To their disappointment, the result was contrary to their expectation.
结果与预料恰好相反,这使他们感到失望。

discrimination n. 歧视
[特征]
race discrimination 种族歧视
sex discrimination 性别歧视
– Discrimination against women is not allowed.
不允许歧视妇女。
[贴心叮咛]
discrimination特别指种族歧视或性别歧视等。

disease n. 疾病
[特征]
– It is a terrible disease.
这是一种可怕的疾病。
– These are the diseases of society.
这些是社会弊端。
[贴心叮咛]
disease原指所患的%26ldquo;疾病%26rdquo;,也引申为社会%26ldquo;弊端%26rdquo;。
[备考必背] 辨析disease和illness
disease指具体某种疾病,是一个专业性词汇;illness指生病的状态,是由disease引起的。
an occupational disease职业病 a disease of the eyes 眼病
– He can’t go to school because of his illness.
他因为有病不能上学。

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