刘畅词汇记忆12-1

12-1(接上)第二十一节

词根press=挤,压
impression=im + press(挤,压)+ ion向头脑中挤压,%26ldquo;印象%26rdquo;,如first impression第一印象
其动词为impress%26ldquo;留有印象%26rdquo;,搭配impress sb. with sth.某事给某人留下印象,例:I am very impressed with the beautiful scenery.这美丽的景色给我留下了很深的印象。(用被动)
其形容词为impressive%26ldquo;印象深刻的%26rdquo;
compress= com(together)+ press四面八方的力一起来压,动词%26ldquo;压缩%26rdquo;,如compressed air压缩空气
depressed=de(down)+ press
1%26ldquo;沮丧,压抑%26rdquo;
2(经济)使不景气,例:When business is depressed, there is usually an obvious increase in unemployment.当经济不景气时,通常会有明显的失业增加。
其名词depression 1%26ldquo;抑郁%26rdquo;2%26ldquo;经济萧条%26rdquo;,如the Great Depression经济大萧条
express=ex(out)+press把思想挤出来,动词%26ldquo;表达%26rdquo;,例:People express their feeling by means of words.人们借助语言来表达感情。
其名词为expression%26ldquo;表达%26rdquo;
suppress=sup(=sub,向下)+ press(在下面压制下来)当事件刚有苗头时,在下面就悄悄地压了下来
1%26ldquo;压制,镇压%26rdquo;,如suppress a rebellion平定叛乱
2%26ldquo;抑制,忍住%26rdquo;,如suppress a yawn忍住哈欠
correct=cor(together)+ rect动词%26ldquo;修正,改正(变正确)%26rdquo;,如correct the spelling mistake改正拼写错误(一定是把错误的改成正确的)
词根rect=straight正,直
rectify=rect(straight)+ ify动词%26ldquo;纠正(变的正当)%26rdquo;,如rectify the style of our work纠正我们的工作方式(变得更为正当,不一定以前的错误)
rectangle%26ldquo;长方形%26rdquo;,angle表示角,如triangle%26ldquo;三角形%26rdquo;
erect =e(out)+ rect(straight)动词%26ldquo;直立,竖起%26rdquo;,如erect a tent at the edged of the field在田野的边缘立起一个帐篷
hurt
1及物动词%26ldquo;受伤%26rdquo;,例:I hurt my feet when I fell on the ground.当我倒在地上时,我的脚受伤了。
2不及物动词%26ldquo;疼%26rdquo;,例:My leg hurts.我腿疼。
区分几个%26ldquo;受伤,伤害%26rdquo;:
hurt指是小受
大一些的受伤为Injury%26ldquo;损害,伤害(事故中)%26rdquo;,例:He was badly injured in the car accident.在这次交通事故中他受伤严重。
wound作动词%26ldquo;受伤(战斗中)%26rdquo;,作名词%26ldquo;伤口%26rdquo;,例:The bullet wounded his arms. 子弹打伤了他的胳膊。
很严重的损坏damage=dam(大坝)+ age(年龄)动、名%26ldquo;损坏,毁坏(使价值降低,但可以修复)%26rdquo;
ruin动词%26ldquo;毁灭,毁坏(使价值降为0,不可能再修复)%26rdquo;,名词%26ldquo;废墟%26rdquo;,例: After the war, the city was in ruins.战争过后,城市变为一片废墟。
词根memor=memory记忆
memorize%26ldquo;记忆,记住%26rdquo;,例:I can memorize the poem very quickly.我可以快速背诵诗歌
其形容词和名词为memorial%26ldquo;纪念的%26rdquo;,如a memorial stamp一张纪念邮票,%26ldquo;纪念碑%26rdquo;
commemorate=com(together)+ memor(memory)+ ate动词%26ldquo;纪念%26rdquo;,例:This statue commemorates those who died in the war.这个雕塑用于纪念那些战争中死去的人们。

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